Choco Toucan

Choco Toucan[Ramphastos brevis] Tales and Overview

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Scientific Classification

AnimaliaChordataVertebrataAvesPiciformesRamphastidaeRamphastosRamphastos brevis

Choco Toucan

The family Ramphastidae, which also contains toucanets, aracaris, and toucans, is home to the Choco Toucan (Ramphastos brevis). This near-passerine species is found in Ecuador and Colombia, where it is evident in the various environments of these South American nations.

Choco Toucan


  • Name: Ramphastos brevis
  • Habitat: Found in Colombia and Ecuador
  • Family: a member of the Ramphastidae family, which also contains aracaris, toucanets, and toucans.
  • Nature: Near-passerine bird.
  • Geographical Distribution: takes place in the South American area of Choco.
  • Notable Features: Distinguished for its eye-catching, multicolored beak.
  • Ecosystem: inhabits a variety of habitats across its range.
  • Conservation Status: The state of conservation could be influenced by outside variables and current studies.


NameChoco Toucan (Ramphastos brevis)
HabitatFound in Colombia and Ecuador
FamilyBelongs to Ramphastidae, which includes toucans, toucanets, and aracaris.
NatureNear-passerine bird.
Geographical DistributionOccurs in the Choco region of South America.
Notable FeaturesKnown for its distinctive and colorful beak.
Relationship with Yellow-throated ToucanInitially treated as a subspecies of the yellow-throated toucan (R. ambiguus), but vocal differences and other characteristics led to their being split.
Sister SpeciesShares sisterhood with the channel-billed toucan (R. vitellinus).
Monotypic StatusThe Ramphastos brevis is monotypic, indicating that it does not have any recognized subspecies.
Conservation StatusConservation status may be subject to external factors and ongoing research.
Choco Toucan


Their weighs roughly 365 to 482 g (13 to 17 oz) and is 46 to 48.5 cm (18 to 19 inches) in length. The female’s bill is shorter than the male’s, but otherwise, both sexes have identical morphological traits. Their maxilla, or upper section of the bill, has a black triangle at the base and is

primarily yellow with some green along the culmen. In contrast, the mandible is black with sporadic yellow tips. With the exception of white uppertail coverts, their upperparts and tail are mostly black, with a maroon tint on the head and neck.

There is naked yellow-green to olive-green skin surrounding their eyes. A thin red band sits just below the breast, highlighting the bright yellow color of the throat and breast. The coverts under the tail are crimson, while the belly is black. Significantly,

they share a range overlap with the “chestnut-mandibled” subspecies of the yellow-throated toucan (R. a. swainsonii), whose plumage they remarkably resemble. Nonetheless, a crucial distinction between the Ramphastos brevis and its relative is its unique vocalizations.

Distribution and Habitat

As suggested by its common name, the Ramphastos brevis is restricted to the lush, humid Chocó area, which stretches from southwest Ecuador to northwest Colombia. Although it is flexible enough to be found in places like meadows and plantations with fruiting trees that are next to forests,

its preferred habitats are predominantly lowland and foothill forests. This adaptable species can grow as high as around 1,550 meters (5,100 feet).

Choco Toucan

Species in same Genus

SpeciesCommon Name
Ramphastos tocoToco Toucan
Ramphastos sulfuratusKeel-billed Toucan
Ramphastos vitellinusChannel-billed Toucan
Ramphastos tucanusRed-billed Toucan
Ramphastos ambiguusYellow-throated Toucan
Ramphastos swainsoniiChestnut-mandibled Toucan
Ramphastos dicolorusGreen-billed Toucan
Ramphastos cuvieriCuvier’s Toucan



They lacks a clear migratory pattern and behaves in a non-migratory manner. On the other hand, Ramphastos brevis are known to travel vertically when foraging, negotiating the hillsides in search of food sources in both pairs and groups.

Their dynamic mobility, which is defined by upslope and downslope vertical fluctuations, is indicative of their adaptive feeding approach within their specific habitat.

Choco Toucan


The main means of subsistence for the Ramphastos brevis is foraging in the forest canopy. Although the details of its diet are still unclear, fruits are probably its main source of food, with insects and small vertebrates serving as supplements. One interesting behavior that has been noticed is the Ramphastos

brevis following swarms of army ants. This is thought to be related to the Toucans’ tendency to feed on prey that the ants stir up as they travel through the environment. The toucan’s shrewd foraging technique enables it to take advantage of the disturbed prey that army ants have caused.


Their breeding season appears to start in June and last until August, though it might start earlier in Colombia. Breeding pairs participate in a distinctive courtship ritual during this time, which is typified by their repetitive head-swinging back and forth while making vocalizations.

Despite these obvious characteristics, little is known about their breeding biology. More information regarding their nesting practices, incubation, and other reproductive elements needs to be gathered.


Toucans typically deposit their small, white eggs in tree cavities, and both parents help with the incubation and care of the hatchlings.

Choco Toucan


  1. Habitat Loss: The natural habitat of the Ramphastos brevis is seriously threatened by deforestation and habitat loss.
  2. Illegal Pet Trade: A factor in the population decline is capture for the exotic pet trade..
  3. Climate Change: The habitat and food sources of the bird are impacted by altered climate patterns.
  4. Logging Activities: The nesting and feeding grounds of toucans are impacted by logging and timber extraction.
  5. Agrochemicals: The toucan may be directly harmed by pesticides and agricultural runoff, or it may become contaminated prey.
  6. Human Disturbance: Their habitats may be disturbed by human activities such as infrastructure development and tourism.
  7. Disease: Diseases that may have been brought in by other species could have an impact on their populations.


It is a member of the “croaker” group of toucans, which is identified by its vocalizations. Its call is a monotonous sequence of croaking notes called “kreeork,” which periodically quickens into a quicker rhythm called “kriik.”

Apart from vocalizations, the Ramphastos brevis displays unique actions, like clacking its bill and making grating noises with its closed bill. The toucan uses these distinctive vocal and behavioral characteristics to communicate with other members in its environment.

Choco Toucan


Although the Ramphastos brevis has a very short lifetime in the wild, toucans of related species have been observed to survive up to 15 to 20 years, or even longer, in captivity under the right circumstances.

Common Names in Different Languages

LanguageCommon Name for Choco Toucan
EnglishChoco Toucan
SpanishTucán Choco
FrenchToucan du Choco
ItalianTucano del Chocó
RussianЧоко-тукан (Choko-tukan)
Japaneseチョコトゥーカン (Choko Tūkan)
Chinese (Simplified)科朝巨嘴鸟 (Kē cháo jù zuǐ niǎo)
Arabicتوكان تشوكو (Toukan Choco)
Choco Toucan


  1. Q: Where is the Choco Toucan found?
    • The humid Chocó region, which stretches from northwest Colombia to southwest Ecuador, is home to the Ramphastos brevis.
  2. Q: What is distinctive about their appearance?
    • The Ramphastos brevis is distinguished by its vivid and multicolored beak, as well as by its black mandible, yellow maxilla, and black head patterns.
  3. Q: Is the Ramphastos brevis a migratory bird?
    • They does not migrate; nevertheless, during foraging, it may travel vertically up and downslope.
  4. Q: What is their diet?
    • Their diet is primarily made up of fruits, while it isn’t quite clear what else it eats; it probably also contains insects and small vertebrates. It may be observing disrupted prey, as it has been spotted trailing army ant swarms.
  5. Q: When is the breeding season of the Ramphastos brevis?
    • The Ramphastos brevis breeding season appears to be primarily from June to August, though it might begin earlier in Colombia.
  6. Q: How does they communicate?
    • The “croaker” group of toucans includes the Ramphastos brevis. It makes a distinctive call that is best described as a succession of croaking “kreeork” notes interspersed with grating and bill-clacking noises.
  7. Q: What are the threats to the Choco Toucan?
    • Threats include the loss of habitat brought on by deforestation, the illicit pet trade, forestry operations, agrochemicals, human disturbance, and the possible introduction of disease.
  8. Q: How long does they live?
    • Although the exact longevity in the wild is unknown, allied toucan species have been reported to survive up to 15–20 years or longer in captivity.
  9. Q: Why is the Ramphastos brevis important to its ecosystem?
    • By dispersing seeds through fruit intake, the Ramphastos brevis contributes to the diversity and well-being of its habitat.
  10. Q: Is they considered endangered?
    • Their population is impacted by issues like as habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade, and its conservation status may vary. To guarantee its existence, conservation activities are essential.

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