White birds

46 BEAUTIFUL WHITE BIRDS Their Pictures and overview

White birds

White birds, elegant and ethereal, dance elegantly on the breeze amid a canvas of azure skies, their feathers sparkling like pristine, glistening snowflakes caught in a sunlight embrace. They are carried with effortless grace by their wings, a symphony of exquisite curves that create a magnificent ballet against

the sky. As they soar, the sunlight is reflected off of their immaculate plumage, creating a celestial glow that is both calming and imaginative. These heavenly beings are the height of elegance, and their existence is evidence of the poetry composed in the language of flight.

White birds Habitat

reside in North America, demonstrating the diversity of birds on the continent. Their flawless feathers stand out in a world of vibrant colors, making them easy to identify. This study favors nearly entirely white birds over those from other families

whose members are just partially white. With the exception of the remote continent of Antarctica, all of the continents are home to these white birds, which are distinguished by the striking contrast between them and their natural environments.

A multitude of white birds, particularly gulls, are drawn to the coast due to the abundance of food supplies. Many animals embark on lengthy winter migrations that span continents and oceans in search of warmer climates.

“Heavenly messengers of kindness, white birds paint the sky with poetry, their wings performing an act of elegance that whispers stories of peace and untold glory.”

1. Rock Ptarmigan

A game bird of the grouse family, the rock ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) is a medium-sized bird. In Europe, it is referred to as the ptarmigan. It is the national game bird of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador and the official bird of the Canadian territory of Nunavut. where it is known as the aqiggiq

(ᐊᕿᒡᒋᖅ). Its name, raichō (雷泥), translates to “thunder bird” in Japanese. It is a protected species across the country and the official bird of the prefectures of Gifu, Nagano, and Toyama. Unlike many species of arctic birds, ptarmigan do not put on significant weight in order to hibernate throughout the winter.

Size34–36 cm length, 8 cm tail, 54–60 cm wingspan, 440–640 g weight
Seasonal CamouflageWhite in winter, brown in spring/summer
Breeding Male AppearanceGrey with white wings and underparts
Winter PlumageCompletely white, black tail feathers, eye line
Distinguishing FeaturesHabitat preference, slender bill, black eye stripe
Male VocalizationsGuttural snores, rattles, distinctive vocalizations
Aerial CourtshipFast flight, upward glide, unique vocalization
Ground Displays/DefenseCalls, chasing, fanning tails, extended necks, circling
HabitatArctic/Subarctic Eurasia, North America, rocky/tundra
PredatorsFew, e.g., golden eagles; approachable due to remote habitat
DistributionArctic Cordillera, isolated populations, introduced to islands
Winter SurvivalOverwintering, feeding on vegetation on high cliffs
Historical RangeMore widespread in continental Europe during last ice age
DietVaries regionally, includes buds, catkins, berries, insects
Male Plumage FeaturesRed eye combs, no ‘distinct’ plumage, black eye stripe
Hunting/ConservationPopular in Icelandic cuisine; regulated hunting in Iceland
Rock Ptarmigan  birdzpedia.com

2 Cattle Egret

The cattle egret is an amazing kind of bird that is well-known to biologists and ornithologists. Its scientific name, Bubulcus ibis, makes clear its taxonomy; “Bubulcus” denotes the genus and “ibis” the species. This bird belongs to the Ardeidae family of herons and egrets.

TaxonomyBubulcus by Charles Lucien Bonaparte (1855), Ardea ibis by Carl Linnaeus (1758), Cancroma coromanda by Pieter Boddaert (1783).
Meaning of NamesBubulcus: Latin for herdsman. Ibis: Originally sacred ibis. Coromandus: Refers to the Coromandel Coast of India.
Taxonomic StatusSplit into eastern and western cattle egrets; both monotypic species. Recognized third Seychelles subspecies (B. i. seychellarum).
Relationship to GeneraClosely related to Ardea; hybridization with little blue herons, little egrets, snowy egrets recorded.
Previous English NameBuff-backed heron.
Physical CharacteristicsStocky heron, 88–96 cm wingspan, 46–56 cm length, 270–512 g weight. Breeding adults with orange-buff plumes, red bill, legs, irises. Juveniles lack colored plumes, black bill.
Breeding Plumage DifferencesEastern egret has buff color on cheeks, throat, golden plumes. B. i. seychellarum smaller, golden nuptial plumes. Abnormalities, e.g., melanistic plumages observed.
Eyesight and ForagingBinocular vision during feeding; adapted for land foraging. Lost correction for light refraction by water.
Distribution and ExpansionRapid expansion into Americas (1877), Australia (1940s), Europe. Natural and deliberate introductions.
Habitat PreferencesFound in various environments, adaptable.
Migration and MovementsSome migratory, others dispersive; complex patterns observed globally.
Ecology and BehaviorNests in colonies around water; displays, ritualized behaviors during mate selection. Brood parasitism, kleptoparasitism observed.
Prey and Foraging HabitsWide prey range, often near cattle; versatile diet, including seabird eggs during migration.
Threats and StatusVulnerable to crested caracaras. IUCN least concern; considered invasive with minimal impact.
Interactions with HumansCommonly associated with cattle; perceived as biocontrol for cattle parasites. Interactions not always beneficial; poses hazards to aircraft, spreads infections.
Cattle Egret birdzpedia.com

3 American white Pelican

Within the Pelecaniformes order, the American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a big water soaring bird.Being skilled fishers, they often cooperate to gather fish. They like peaceful watery environments, such as marshes and lakes, and some of them go on seasonal migrations.

TaxonomyDescribed by Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1789. Monotypic species, no subspecies.
Physical CharacteristicsLength: 50–70 in, Wingspan: 95–120 in. Huge, flat-topped bill. White plumage with black remiges. Orange during breeding.
DistributionBreeds on inland North American lakes, winters on coasts. Migrates avoiding open ocean.
LifespanWild: >16 years, Captivity record: >34 years.
Feeding HabitsDoesn’t dive; catches prey while swimming. Eats >4 pounds daily. Cooperative feeding.
ReproductionColonial breeders, up to 5,000 pairs/site. Ground nests, 2-3 eggs. Both parents incubate. Young migrate by September.
PredationNesting on isolated islands reduces mammalian predation. Reacts differently to mammalian and avian threats.
Conservation StatusProtected by Migratory Bird Treaty Act. IUCN Status: Least Concern. Threats include habitat loss, entanglement, poaching.
American white Pelican birdzpedia.com

4 White ibis

The Threskiornithidae family of ibis includes the American white ibis (Eudocimus albus) as one of its species. This particular ibis is a medium-sized bird with vivid red-orange down-curved bill, long legs, and black wing tips that are normally visible only when in flight. Its overall color is white. Compared to females, males are bigger and have longer bills.

Physical CharacteristicsWhite plumage with pink facial skin, black wingtips. Red-orange bill and legs during non-breeding. Size: 53-70 cm.
Size and Weight (Adult)Males: 872.9-1,261 g (1.92-2.78 lb), Females: 592.7-861.3 g (1.31-1.90 lb). Wingspan: 90-105 cm.
Breeding Plumage ChangesBill and leg color darkens during breeding, fades to paler pink. Fledglings have brown plumage, molt to white.
Flight CharacteristicsFlies in loose lines or V formations. Altitudes: 60-1,000 m. Main call: honking sound (urnk, urnk).
Distribution and HabitatCommon in Florida, Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America. Prefers coastal marshes and wetlands.
Breeding and NestingColonial breeding, 1-5 eggs. Both parents incubate. Nest abandonment due to high tides is a common cause of failure.
DietPrefers crayfish, crustaceans, insects, and small fish. Diet varies by region and habitat.
Conservation StatusIUCN Status: Least Concern. Conservation concerns include habitat preservation and the impact of pollutants.
White ibis birdzpedia.com

5 Great Egret

The great egret (Ardea alba) is a large, widely distributed egret that is often referred to as the common egret, large egret, or (in the Old World) great white egret or great white heron. The striking Great Egret (Ardea alba) is easily recognized by its elegant white plumage.

DescriptionLarge heron, all-white plumage, yellow bill, black legs
SizeUp to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall, 80 to 104 cm (31 to 41 in) length, 131 to 170 cm (52 to 67 in) wingspan, 700 to 1,500 g (1.5 to 3.3 lb) body mass
FlightSlow flight with retracted neck
HabitatWorldwide distribution, temperate and tropical habitats
ConservationNumbers declined due to hunting, recovered with conservation efforts, adaptable to human habitation
Migratory PatternPartially migratory, moves south in colder winters
BreedingBreeds in colonies near large lakes, starts at 2–3 years of age, monogamous pairs, nest made of sticks, 23–26 days incubation, young can fly in 6–7 weeks
DietFish, frogs, amphibians, small mammals, reptiles, crustaceans, insects; uses bill as a spear for hunting
ParasitesHosts 17 different helminth species, juveniles have higher infection intensity
Cultural SignificanceNational Audubon Society symbol, featured on banknotes and coins in various countries, album cover art (Faith No More)
Great Egret birdzpedia.com

6 Trumpeter Swan

The trumpeter swan, scientifically known as Cygnus buccinator, is the biggest species of swan found in North America. It can be identified by its trumpet-like calls, impressive size, and white plumage. These elegant birds primarily inhabit wetland environments, where they graze on water plants with their powerful beak and webbed feet.

Size and MeasurementsLargest waterfowl, 138–165 cm (54–65 in) long, wingspan 185–304.8 cm (72.8–120 in), weight 7–13.6 kg (15–30 lb).
PlumageAdult: all white. Cygnets: light grey, pinkish legs, turn white after a year. Large, wedge-shaped black bill.
VocalizationLoud, trumpet-like calls, similar to whooper and Bewick’s swans.
Range and HabitatBreeds in large ponds, lakes, wetlands, and rivers in NW and central North America. Winter migration to southern Canada and NW U.S. Occasional sightings in the UK.
DietEats aquatic plants, insects, and occasionally grasses. Feeding peaks in spring. Young start with animal-based diet, transition to vegetation.
Predators/MortalityPredators include ravens, raccoons, bears, and eagles. Adults mostly invulnerable. Survival rate: young 40%, adults 80–100%. Captivity: up to 33 years.
Breeding BehaviorMates for life, courtship involves displays and trumpet calls. Nest building takes 11–35 days, eggs laid in late April. Hybridizes with whooper swans.
Nesting/IncubationNests surrounded by water, 4–6 eggs laid. Incubation 32–37 days. Male helps build nest, guards during female’s recess.
Parental BehaviorMales territorial and protective. Assist in feeding. Females active in pre-laying. Brood cygnets for 1–2 days. Fledging at 3–4 months.
Trumpeter Swan birdzpedia.com

7. Tundra Swan

The little swan of the Holarctic is called the tundra swan (Cygnus columbianus). The two taxa that comprise it—the whistling swan (Cygnus columbianus) proper of the Nearctic and the Bewick’s swan (Cygnus bewickii) of the Palaearctic—are typically considered conspecific, but they can also occasionally be divided into two species.

Scientific NameCygnus columbianus
Length45 to 59 inches
Weight7.5 to 21.2 pounds
HabitatArctic tundra
RangeNorth America
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
AdaptationsWebbed feet for aquatic gliding
Primary HabitatTundra
Reproduction HabitatTundra
Plumage ColorWhite with black legs and feet, yellow patch near eyes
Migratory BehaviorRemarkable long-distance migrations between Arctic and temperate climates, guided by temperature and food availability variations
Conservation ConcernsSome populations or subspecies may face severe risks, such as habitat loss or hunting, leading to categorization as Vulnerable or Near Threatened
ImportanceEssential to comprehend and protect diverse populations for the species’ future existence
Tundra Swan birdzpedia.com

8 Snowy Owl

The snowy owl, or Bubo scandiacus, is a big, white member of the true owl family. It is sometimes referred to as the polar owl, white owl, or Arctic owl.It is the only species of owl with mostly white plumage and one of the largest.

Scientific NameBubo scandiacus
Length20.7 to 28 inches
Weight3.2 to 5.5 pounds
Wingspan4 to 5 feet
HabitatTundra, open trees
RangeArctic regions of North America and the Palearctic
Conservation StatusVulnerable
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates south in winter
Unique FeatureDistinctive white plumage for efficient camouflage
Cultural SignificanceRepresents fortitude and adaptation to challenging environments
IUCN Red List StatusLeast Concern
DietCarnivorous, preys on small mammals and birds
 Snowy Owl birdzpedia.com

9 Snow Bunting

The family Calcariidae includes the snow bunting (Plectrophenax nivalis), a passerine bird. It is a specialist of the Arctic, having a circumpolar breeding range across the northern hemisphere. Small, isolated populations can be found on the summits of a few tall mountains south of the Arctic region.

Scientific NamePlectrophenax nivalis
Length5.9 inches
Weight1.05 to 1.41 ounces
HabitatArctic Tundra
RangeNorthern Hemisphere
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates south in winter
Unique FeatureStunning white winter plumage for camouflage
Cultural SignificanceSymbolic of the beauty and toughness in harsh conditions
IUCN Red List StatusNot on the endangered species list
Ornithological StudiesBehavior, feeding, and breeding patterns
VocalizationsRippling whistle, per,r,r,rit, Plectrophenax warble hudidi feet feet feew hudidi
Mating BehaviorMonogamous behavior; Males positively impact female’s reproductive success
Reproductive StrategiesMale follows female during fertile period; Nest sites provide safety, but males contribute to temperature control
Courtship BehaviorThreat display in Greenland, ceremonial flight to attract female
Diet (Fall to Spring)Weeds (knotweed, ragweed, amaranth, goosefoot, aster, goldenrod), grass seeds
Diet (Summer)Seeds (crowberry, bilberry, bistort, dock, poppy, purple saxifrage), invertebrates (butterflies, true bugs, etc.)
Nestling DietExclusively fed on invertebrates
Predatory BehaviorPreys on basking spiders; Attempts to catch invertebrates in flight
Song CharacteristicsDuration: 2 seconds; Frequency: 2 to 6 kHz; Unique patterns for each male
Courtship Behavior VariationsMale displays threat and ceremonial flight in Greenland
 Snow Bunting birdzpedia.com

10 Snowy Egret

Little white herons like the snowy egret (Egretta thula) are common. The genus name, aigrette, is derived from Provençal French and means “little egret.” It is a diminutive of aigron, which means “heron.”

AppearanceAdult snowy egrets are entirely white with yellow lores, long black bill, black legs, and bright yellow feet. Immature snowy egrets have duller, greenish legs.
Measurements– Length: 22.1–26.0 in (56–66 cm) – Weight: 13.1 oz (370 g) – Wingspan: 39.4 inches (100 cm)
Distribution and HabitatNative to North, Central, and South America. Found in wetlands, marshes, riverbanks, lakesides, pools, salt marshes, and estuaries. Occasional vagrant in Europe.
DietFish, crustaceans, insects, small reptiles, snails, frogs, toads, and worms. Stalk prey in shallow water, run or shuffle feet, hover, or “dip-fish.”
BreedingBreeds in mixed colonies, elaborate courtship displays, builds nests in trees or thick undergrowth. Up to six pale bluish-green eggs laid, young leave the nest after about 22 days.
Fossil FindsFossils reported from Talara tar seeps of Peru and locations in Florida, United States, dated to the Late Pleistocene.
StatusHunted for plumes in the early 20th century; trade ended in 1910. Populations recovered; assessed as “least concern” by IUCN.
 Snowy Egret birdzpedia.com

11. Ivory Gull

The sole species of gull in the Pagophila genus is the small ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea). It is circumpolar, ranging through Greenland, the northernmost part of North America, and Eurasia. It breeds in the high Arctic.

IdentificationPigeon-like shape, completely white plumage, blue bill with yellow tip, black legs, red-tipped bill in breeding season, fleshy red eye-ring, tern-like cry; juveniles have dusky face and black flecking; full adult plumage in two years
MeasurementsLength: 15.8–16.9 in (40–43 cm), Weight: 15.8–24.2 oz (450–690 g), Wingspan: 42.5–47.2 in (108–120 cm)
DistributionBreeds in Canadian Arctic; wintering near polynyas, Labrador Sea, Davis Strait, Bering Sea, Chukchi Seas; vagrant in coastal Canada, US, British Isles; juveniles wander further from Arctic
Ecology & BehaviorShort-distance migration, wintering near pack ice; opportunistic scavenger, follows polar bears; breeds on Arctic coasts, cliffs; lays 1-3 olive eggs in ground nest
DietFish, crustaceans, rodents, eggs, small chicks; scavenger, feeds on seal or porpoise corpses; follows predators to feed on kills
ReproductionBreeds on Arctic coasts and cliffs, lays 1-3 olive eggs in a ground nest lined with moss, lichens, or seaweed
Population & StatusEstimated (2012): 19,000–27,000 individuals; majority in Russia; declining in Canada; threats include illegal hunting and sea ice decline; “Near Threatened” by IUCN
Ivory Gull  birdzpedia.com

12 White tern

Across the world’s tropical waters, the white tern, also known as the common white tern (Gygis alba), is a tiny seabird. In It is also referred to as the fairy tern, though this term could be confusing because it is also Sternula nereis’ common name. The species is also known as manu-o-Kū in Hawaiian, angel tern, and white noddy in English.

Scientific NameGygis alba
Common NamesFairy Tern, Angel Tern
SizeLength: 8.3 to 9.1 inches, Weight: 1.3 to 1.9 ounces, Wingspan: 30 to 34 inches
HabitatCoast, wooded areas
RangeChile, Colombia, New Zealand, Asia
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Preferred WeatherPrefers stable, mild coastal climates
Notable FeaturesAll-white feathers, distinctive nesting on tree branches
Ecological RoleImportant in guano-based nutrient cycle
Conservation IssuesSome populations vulnerable or endangered; conservation efforts by organizations
Bird WatchingEssential pastime for scientists and hobbyists; equipment used – binoculars and cameras
White tern birdzpedia.com

13 Whooping Crane

Due to its distinctive “whooping” sounds, the whooping crane (Grus americana), a native of North America, is an endangered species of crane. It is the tallest bird species in North America and one of just two native crane species, the other being the sandhill crane (Antigone canadensis).

Scientific NameGrus americana
SizeLength: 45 inches, Weight: 14 to 16 pounds, Wingspan: 7 to 8 feet
HabitatWood Buffalo National Park
RangeNorth America
Conservation StatusEndangered
Migration WeatherPrefers warm weather, migrates south in winter
Notable FeaturesStately bird with long-distance migration
Conservation EffortsBreeding programs to increase population
Ecosystem ProtectionPreserving habitat to protect ecosystems
Research FocusBehavioral research to advance ethology
ImportanceCrucial to protect for future generations
PredatorsAmerican black bear, wolverine, gray wolf, cougar, red fox, Canada lynx, bald eagle, common raven, golden eagles, American alligators, bobcat, coyotes
Predator ImpactAdult birds in the wild have few predators due to large size; juveniles and captive-raised cranes vulnerable to ambushes, especially by bobcats
Predator ManagementTrapping and relocating bobcats to protect cranes; efforts to increase awareness among captive-raised cranes about avoiding predators
DietOmnivorous, forages in shallow water or fields; prefers animal material; feeds on crustaceans, mollusks, fish, reptiles, aquatic plants; blue crabs significant winter food source; waste grain during migration
Diet EfficiencyLess efficient in digesting grains compared to sandhill cranes; doesn’t swallow gizzard stones
Whooping Crane birdzpedia.com

14 Snow Goose

One species of goose that is native to North America is the snow goose (Anser caerulescens). There are white and dark variants; the latter is frequently referred to as blue goose. Its usually white plumage is where the name comes from.

Scientific NameAnser caerulescens
SizeLength: 25 to 31 inches, Weight: 4.5 to 7.1 pounds, Wingspan: 53 to 65 inches
HabitatTundra, marshes, ponds, bays
RangeNorth America, Russia
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates south in winter
MorphsWhite and dark variants with genetic influences on morph development
Behavior StudyOrnithologists study behavior, physiology, and classification; genetic influences on morph development
SignificanceHighlights diversity within closely related organisms; enhances knowledge of avian biology; showcases nature’s adaptations
PopulationBreeding population exceeds 5 million birds; increase of over 300% since the mid-1970s; increasing at a rate of more than five percent per year; efforts to reduce population due to habitat destruction in Hudson Bay
VagrancyRare vagrant to Europe; occasional feral breeder; seen regularly in the British Isles and Scotland; small group observed on the north shore of O’ahu around 2015; frequent vagrants in Central America during winter
 Snow Goose  birdzpedia.com

15 Smew

The sole extant species of duck in the Mergellus genus is the smew (Mergellus albellus). Lesser Mergus is called Mergellus, and Latin albus means “white” in albellus. Although it may be more closely related to the goldeneyes (Bucephala), this genus is occasionally included in Mergus due to its close relationship to it.

Scientific NameMergellus albellus
Common NameSmew
SizeLength: 15-17″, Weight: 1.1-2 lbs, Wingspan: 22-27″
HabitatLakes, pools, rivers
RangeEurope, Palearctic
ConservationLeast Concern, Migratory (cold weather, winter migration)
Behavior StudyOrnithologists study behavior, ecology, vocalizations; explore migration patterns
Genetic StudyDNA sequencing for genetic diversity and evolutionary history
Conservation IssuesRegional differences, risk from habitat degradation, and hunting
ImportanceValued sightings during migration; crucial for ornithology and wildlife conservation
Name OriginTerm “smew” used since 17th century; uncertain origin; related to Dutch “smient” and German “Schmeiente”; probably from “smee,” dialectal term for a wild duck
Fossil HistoryUnnamed fossil seaduck in Middle Miocene; reassigned to Mergellus; subfossils indicate historical range extension a few thousand years ago
Smew  birdzpedia.com

16 Kelp Goose

Within the tribe Tadornini of the subfamily Anserinae, the kelp goose (Chloephaga hybrida) is a species of waterfowl. It can be found in the Falkland Islands, Argentina, and Chile.

Scientific NameChloephaga hybrida
Size24-28 inches, 4.4-6.6 lbs
HabitatCoastal areas, kelp forests
RangeSouthern South America, Falklands
ConservationLeast Concern, Partially migratory
MigrationPrefers temperate weather
FeedingMostly vegetarian, forages on seaweed
BreedingOct-Jan on mainland, nests in pairs
VocalizationMale: Whistled ‘si-si-si’; Female: Honking ‘arnk-arnk’, ‘ooer’ calls; Chicks: ‘cheep’
Kelp Goose birdzpedia.com

17 America White Pelican

Within the Pelecaniformes order, the American white pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a big water soaring bird. Breeding in the interior of North America, it spends the winter migrating south and down the coast, all the way to Costa Rica.

Scientific NamePelecanus erythrorhynchos
SizeLength: 50-70 in, Weight: 7.7-30 lbs, Wingspan: 95-120 in
HabitatLakes, prairies, marshes
RangeSouthern California, Gulf States, Mexico
ConservationLeast Concern
MigratoryYes (winter migration)
Migration WeatherPrefers warm weather
BehaviorCooperative feeding, all-white plumage, distinctive orange beak
DietFish, crayfish, amphibians, occasional kleptoparasitism
ReproductionColonial breeders, ground nests, 2-3 eggs, migrate by October
PredationPredators include foxes, coyotes, gulls, eagles, owls
America White Pelican birdzpedia.com

18 White bellied Sea Eagle

The huge diurnal bird of prey in the Accipitridae family is the white-bellied sea eagle (Icthyophaga leucogaster), commonly referred to as the white-breasted sea eagle. The mature white-bellied sea eagle is a unique bird with white on its head,

breast, underwing coverts, and tail. The black flying feathers beneath the wings contrast with the white coverts, while the top parts are gray. Like all other Haliaeetinae species, it has a short, wedge-shaped tail.

Scientific NameHaliaeetus leucogaster
Common NameWhite-bellied Sea Eagle
SizeLength: 26-31 inches, Weight: 4.0-6.6 pounds, Wingspan: Not specified
HabitatCoastal areas
RangeAsia, Australia
Conservation StatusLeast Concern, Migratory (prefers warm weather, seasonal migration)
Breeding SeasonVaries by location, recorded in the dry season in Trans-Fly region and Central Province of Papua New Guinea, and from June to August in Australia
NestingChooses tall trees or man-made pylons; large deep bowl nest made of sticks and branches
FeedingOpportunistic carnivore; preys on fish, water birds, reptiles, and mammals
InteractionMay attack smaller raptors, harasses birds, steals food; interacts with other species like wedge-tailed eagles
DietFish (catfish, barramundi), waterbirds (penguins, coots), reptiles (turtles, sea snakes), mammals (flying foxes), carrion
Feeding BehaviorEfficient at digesting food, disgorges tiny pellets of fragmented bone, fur, and feathers
StudyValued for soaring flights, hunting skills; studied by ornithologists
Conservation IssuesLeast Concern overall, localized concerns include habitat loss and human disturbances
White bellied Sea Eagle birdzpedia.com

19. White tailed kite

Across western North America and parts of South America, the white-tailed kite (Elanus leucurus) is a tiny raptor. In its natural region, it has replaced the closely similar Old World black-winged kite.

Scientific NameElanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)
SizeLength: 14-17 inches, Weight: 8.8-13.4 ounces
HabitatSavannas, open woodlands, marshes
Conservation StatusLeast Concern, Migratory (prefers warm weather, seasonal migration)
Reproductive BehaviorShared incubation of eggs between sexes, unusual for raptors
FeedingPrimarily rodents, small opossums, shrews, reptiles, amphibians, large insects
BehaviorHovering hunting method, aerial combat observed in territory margins
White tailed kite  birdzpedia.com

20 Sanderling

The little wading bird Calidris alba is known as the sanderling. The term “sand-ploughman” comes from the Old English word “sandyrðling.”It migrates over great distances, spending the winters in South America, South Europe, Africa, and Australia.

It is a circumpolar Arctic breeder. In the winter, it is quite gregarious, occasionally gathering in big flocks on sandy beaches or mudflats along the coast.This bird resembles a dunlin in size, but it is stockier and has a thicker bill.

Its powerful white wingbars are visible when it flies. Its legs have a distinctive “bicycling” motion as it sprints along the sandy beaches it likes, stopping repeatedly to gather small food items.

Scientific NameCalidris alba (Sanderling)
SizeLength: 18-20 cm, Weight: 40-100 g
Winter PlumageVery pale, almost white; dark shoulder patch
Summer PlumageFace and throat become brick-red
Juvenile BirdSpangled black and white, high contrast
DistributionHigh Arctic areas of North America, Europe, Asia
Breeding HabitatCoastal tundra north of 5°C July isotherm
Migration Distance3,000 to 10,000 km from breeding to winter sites
SubspeciesTwo subspecies: C. a. alba, C. a. rubida
Feeding BehaviorForages for invertebrate prey in upper intertidal zone
Breeding BehaviorTerritorial, may form monogamous or polyandrous pairings
Sanderling birdzpedia.com

21. Northern Gannet

The largest species of seabird in the Sulidae family of gannets is the northern gannet, or Morus bassanus. The blue-grey, long, pointed bill contrasts with the black, exposed skin around the eyes and mouth. Most juveniles are grey-brown,

but during the course of the five years it takes them to reach adulthood, they gradually turn white. The adult northern gannet is characterized by a long neck, a streamlined body that is primarily white, and long, thin wings.

Its length is 87–100 cm (34+1⁄2–39+1⁄2 in), and its wingspan is 170–180 cm (67–71 in). During breeding season, the buff tinge on the head and nape becomes more noticeable, and the wings are rimmed with dark brown-black feathers.

Scientific NameMorus bassanus (Northern Gannet)
SizeLength: 35-40 inches, Weight: 6.6-8.8 pounds
WingspanApproximately 65-71 inches (165-180 cm)
HabitatCoastal cliffs, rocky islands, open ocean
RangeNorthern Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Baltic Sea
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryYes, prefers cooler weather, migrates south in winter
Breeding SeasonMarch or April
Nesting SitesCoastal hillsides, cliffs, islands
Nesting MaterialsSeaweed, plants, earth, debris from the sea
Egg CharacteristicsOne egg, average weight: 104.5g, pale blue shell
Incubation Period42 to 46 days
Fledging AgeBetween 84 and 97 days
Feeding BehaviorPlunge-diving for fish; forages up to 320 km from nest
Parental CareAdults feed offspring for around 13 weeks
Survival RateYoung birds: 30%, Adults: 91.9%
LifespanTypical: 17 years, Maximum: 37 years 4 months 16 days
Social BehaviorMonogamous pairs, bond over several seasons, separate when chicks leave nest
Northern Gannet birdzpedia.com

22 White Hawk

The white hawk, or Pseudastur albicollis, is a member of the Accipitridae family of raptors that breeds in the tropical New World. Despite being frequently assigned to the subfamily Buteoninae, this group’s legitimacy is currently being questioned.

Scientific NamePseudastur albicollis (White Hawk)
SizeLength: 18-20 inches, Weight: 1.1-1.3 pounds
WingspanApproximately 36-40 inches
HabitatTropical and subtropical forests, woodland edges
RangeCentral and South America
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryGenerally non-migratory, local movements within range
Migration WeatherPrefers stable tropical or subtropical climates
Feeding HabitsMainly reptiles, insects, crabs, amphibians, and mammals
Diet ExamplesLizards, snakes, beetles, grasshoppers, rats, squirrels, bats
AssociationsForages with tufted capuchin monkeys and South American coatis
Nesting BehaviorBuilds large stick platform nests in trees, lays one dark-blotched blue-white egg
Courtship DisplaySpectacular aerial courtship display observed
Conservation EffortsConservation efforts due to habitat loss concerns
Geographical RangeSouthern Mexico through Central and South America, including Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Trinidad
White Hawk  birdzpedia.com

23 American pekin

The White or Pekin The Pekin is a domestic duck breed from America that is mostly grown for meat. It is derived from birds that were imported from China to the United States in the nineteenth century and is currently bred all over the world.

Scientific NameAnas platyrhynchos domestica (American Pekin)
SizeLength: 26 inches (66 cm), Weight: 8-9 pounds
WingspanApproximately 30 inches (76 cm)
HabitatDomesticated, farms, ponds
RangeWorldwide, bred in various countries
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)
MigratoryNo (domesticated)
Migration WeatherNot applicable (domesticated)
Weather AdaptationDomesticated, adapted to various weather conditions, requires shelter from extreme cold
Preferred EnvironmentThrives in rural areas, often near ponds or marshes
Main PurposeRaised for meat production, particularly in the United States
Commercial StrainsDeveloped for specific traits, including layers
Growth CharacteristicsLarge-framed, hardy, fast-growing, high feed conversion ratio
Egg ProductionMay lay over 150 white eggs per year
Incubation BehaviorNot good sitters, eggs may need artificial incubation
Use in ShowsSometimes kept for fancy and showing, show birds are often larger than commercial stock
 American pekin birdzpedia.com

24 Wood Stork

The only stork in the Ciconiidae family to breed in North America is the wood stork, or Mycteria americana, a big wading bird native to the United States. Despite not being an ibis, it was originally known as the “wood ibis”.

Scientific NameMycteria americana (Wood Stork)
SizeLength: 33-45 inches, Weight: 4.5-6.6 pounds
Wingspan5.5-6.5 feet
HabitatWetlands, marshes, swamps, shallow waters
RangeSoutheastern USA, Central, and South America
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryYes, within its range
Migration WeatherPrefers warm weather
Weather PreferenceWarm, tropical climates, wetlands, marshes
Breeding HabitatLowland wetlands, nests in trees
Breeding SeasonNovember to August, four months
Incubation Period27 to 32 days, both sexes incubate
Chick DevelopmentAltricial, fledge in 60-65 days, mature at 4 years
Foraging BehaviorFlocks (non-breeding), non-visual methods
Feeding HabitsFish, insects, crabs, frogs
Flight CharacteristicsAlternates flapping and gliding, soaring
Excretion and ThermoregulationUrohidrosis in hot weather
Predators and ParasitesRaccoons, caracaras, hawks, vultures, blood protozoans, nematodes
Wood Stork birdzpedia.com

25 Barbary Dove

Straptopelia risoria, often known as the Barbary dove, ringed turtle dove, ringneck dove, or ring-necked turtle dove, is a domestic member of the Columbidae family of doves and pigeons.

Scientific NameStreptopelia risoria (Barbary Dove)
SizeLength: 9-13 inches, Weight: 4-8 ounces
Wingspan17-18 inches
HabitatUrban areas, agricultural lands, open habitats
RangeOriginally native to North Africa, now domesticated worldwide
Conservation StatusNot applicable (domesticated)
MigratoryNo (domesticated)
Migration WeatherNot applicable (domesticated)
Weather PreferenceAdaptable, kept as pets, requires shelter from extreme cold
LongevityUp to 12 years in captivity, cases of 20-29 years reported
Use in ResearchExtensively used in biological research, especially in reproductive behavior studies
VarietiesBred in various colors, including completely white
Symbolic UsePeace symbol in several cultures, used in stage magic, released in public ceremonies, weddings, and funerals
Coo MechanismUtilizes unique, high-speed muscles for cooing
Breeding CharacteristicsCrossbreeding with pigeons, offspring not fertile
Barbary Dove  birdzpedia.com

26 European Herring Gull

With a maximum length of 66 cm (26 in), the European herring gull (Larus argentatus) is a huge gull. In the past, it was more prevalent in Western European coastal regions. It spreads by breeding over Scandinavia, the Baltic nations, Northern Europe, Western Europe, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe.

Scientific NameLarus argentatus (European Herring Gull)
SizeLength: 24-26 inches, Weight: 2.2-3.5 pounds
Wingspan55-65 inches
HabitatCoastal areas, cliffs, beaches, urban areas
RangeEurope, Asia, North America (introduced)
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryYes (some populations are migratory)
Migration WeatherTypically migrates south in winter for milder climates
Weather PreferenceAdaptable to a range of conditions, migrates south in winter
DietFish, invertebrates, scavenges from various sources
Behavioral TraitsNoisy, gregarious, known for distinctive vocalizations
Vision and SensesKeen daylight and night vision, sees ultraviolet light, excellent hearing and taste
Feeding HabitsOmnivores, scavengers, feed on fish, refuse, and prey on other birds
Reproductive TraitsSexually monogamous, nests on ground or cliff ledges, defends eggs vigorously
Life SpanLong-lived, maximum recorded age of 49 years
PredatorsRaptors, seals, preyed upon during non-nesting periods
Courtship and ReproductionPair bonds, synchronized head-tossing, monogamous, lay 2-4 eggs, incubation 28-30 days
Juvenile BehaviorPeck at adults’ beaks to indicate hunger, parents disgorge food, fledging at 35-40 days
Human InteractionCoastal habitats protected by European conservation organizations, cultural significance in museums of natural history, culture, and art
European Herring Gull birdzpedia.com

27 Gyrfalcon

The largest of the falcon species, the gyrfalcon (/ˈdʒɴːrˌfɔː(l)kən/ or /ˈdŒɜːrˌfaelkn/) (Falco rusticolus) is a predatory bird. There is also usage of the acronym gyr. Breeding grounds include tundra and Arctic beaches, as well as the northern North American islands and the Eurosiberian region.

Scientific NameFalco rusticolus (Gyrfalcon)
SizeLength: 19-24 inches, Weight: 1.5-3.5 pounds
Wingspan40-48 inches
HabitatArctic and subarctic regions, tundra, cliffs
RangeCircumpolar regions of the Northern Hemisphere
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryNo (typically non-migratory)
Migration WeatherNot applicable (typically non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceAdapted to cold Arctic and subarctic climates
DietDiverse prey including birds and mammals, hunts in horizontal pursuit
Nesting BehaviorNests on cliff faces, clutch size 1-5 eggs, incubation period 35 days
PredatorsGolden eagles (rarely engage), common ravens (pick off eggs/hatchlings)
LifespanUp to 20 years
Human ImpactVulnerable to human-caused deaths (accidental or intentional)
Conservation Status HistoryImproved environmental standards contributed to its recovery
Predatory BehaviorAggressively harasses animals near nests, rarely engaged by golden eagles
Human ThreatsLeading cause of death (accidents, poisoning, hunting)
Unique FeatureAmazing polymorphism, diverse hues including white, brown, silver, and black
Gyrfalcon  birdzpedia.com

28 Mute Swan

The waterfowl family Anatidae includes the mute swan (Cygnus olor) as one of its species. This big swan has all-white feathers, with a black border around its orange beak. It can be identified by the prominent, greater in males, knob on top of the beak.

Scientific NameCygnus olor (Mute Swan)
SizeLength: 55-63 inches, Weight: 20-30 pounds
Wingspan7-8 feet (210-240 cm)
HabitatLakes, ponds, rivers, marshes
RangeEurasia, North America (introduced)
Conservation StatusLeast Concern (IUCN)
MigratorySome populations are migratory
Migration WeatherPrefers milder climates during migration
Weather PreferenceAdaptable to a range of weather conditions
Breeding HabitsLay 4-10 eggs, female broods for around 36 days
Behavior & DefenseAggressive in defense of nests, protective of mate and offspring, hissing, physical attacks with bony spurs and bill, territorial
VocalizationsVariety of sounds including grunting, whistling, snorting, rhythmic song during courtship, hissing at competitors, vibrant throbbing of wings in flight
Predators & ThreatsPredators include golden eagles, canids, felids, bears; human threats such as out-of-control dogs; aggressive towards potential threats including watercraft and humans
Special Behaviors“Busking” threat display, ability to grieve for lost or dead mate or cygnet, mourning process observed, remaining parent takes up partner’s duties in raising clutch
Breeding PeriodCygnets hatch between May and July, learn to fly before ponds freeze over, young swans do not achieve flight ability until about 120-150 days old
Mute Swan  birdzpedia.com

29 Royal Spoonbill

The black-billed spoonbill, or royal spoonbill (Platalea regia), is found in the shallows of freshwater and saltwater marshes and intertidal flats. The royal spoonbill is a marsh bird that uses its bill to sweep its prey—fish, crabs, and tiny insects—from one side to the other.

Scientific NamePlatalea regia (Royal Spoonbill)
SizeLength: 30-35 inches, Weight: 2.2-3.7 pounds
Wingspan39-47 inches (99-120 cm)
HabitatWetlands, estuaries, mudflats, shallow waters
RangeAustralia, New Zealand, Indonesia, nearby islands
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Migration WeatherPrefers warm weather, migrates seasonally
Weather PreferenceAdaptable to various weather conditions
Feeding BehaviorCarnivorous, uses spoon-shaped bill to sweep water for prey
DietSmall animals, crustaceans, insects, fish, plant material
Breeding TraitsLong white plumes during breeding, open stick nest, lays 2-3 eggs
Breeding SensitivityHighly sensitive to disturbance during breeding season
Royal Spoonbill birdzpedia.com

30. Willow Ptarmigan

The Tetraoninae subfamily of grouse birds, Phasianidae, includes the willow ptarmigan (/ˈtɑːrmɪɡən/; Lagopus lagopus). Another name for it is the willow grouse.

Scientific NameLagopus lagopus (Willow Ptarmigan)
SizeLength: 14-17 inches, Weight: 14-26 ounces
Wingspan22-26 inches (56-66 cm)
HabitatArctic and subarctic tundra, alpine regions
RangeNorthern regions of North America, Eurasia
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates seasonally
Weather PreferenceWell-adapted to cold and snowy climates
Feeding BehaviorHerbivorous, seasonal diet with preference for willows
Breeding TraitsTerritorial males, courtship displays, monogamous, clutch of 6-10 eggs
Parental CareMale assists in feeding and protecting young, may take over if female dies
Survival ChallengesDangers include predation, bad weather, coccidiosis; <35% chicks survive to eleven months
Migration PatternsFamilies form flocks by September, females and young migrate to lower altitudes
Cultural SignificanceState bird of Alaska (since 1955), regional bird of Southern Lapland
Willow Ptarmigan birdzpedia.com

31 Ross’s Goose

The white Ross’s geese, or Anser rossii, has a short neck and black wingtips. Out of the three white geese that breed in North America, it is the smallest. It looks like a white-phase snow geese, but it’s roughly forty percent smaller.

Scientific NameAnser rossii (Ross’s Goose)
SizeLength: 20-27 inches, Weight: 2.6-4.4 pounds
Wingspan45-54 inches (115-137 cm)
HabitatArctic and subarctic tundra, wetlands, lakes
RangeNorth America (breeding), southern United States and Mexico (wintering)
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates seasonally
Weather PreferenceAdapted to cold climates, migrates from Arctic breeding grounds to warmer wintering areas
Primary Food SourcesGrasses, sedges, water plants
Migration RoutesCover enormous miles, crucial rest stops for safe passage
Nesting BehaviorForm large colonies on islands, ground nests with twigs, leaves, grass, moss, and down, average 4 eggs per clutch, incubate for 21–23 days
Population StudyStudy along the McConnell River reported about 81,000 nesting Ross’s geese
Migration PatternsMigrate from Canadian nesting grounds by mid-October, return in mid-April to May
Feeding HabitsGrazers, feed on grasses, sedges, small grains, often forage in mixed flocks with snow geese
Ecological RoleCrucial elements of Arctic and North American ecosystems, contribute to nutrient cycling
Conservation FocusProtecting vulnerable Arctic breeding sites and wintering locations
Ross’s Goose birdzpedia.com

32 Red-vented Cockatoo

A species of cockatoo, the red-vented cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia) is sometimes called the Philippine cockatoo and is referred to locally as katala, abukay, agay, or kalangay. It only grows in the Philippines.

Scientific NameCacatua haematuropygia (Red-vented Cockatoo)
SizeLength: 12-14 inches, Weight: 13-19 ounces
Wingspan20-22 inches (51-56 cm)
HabitatForests, woodlands, cultivated areas, urban areas
RangeSoutheast Asia, including the Philippines, Indonesia, and nearby islands
Conservation StatusVulnerable (IUCN)
MigratoryTypically non-migratory, some local movements
Migration WeatherNot applicable (typically non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceAdaptable to a range of weather conditions, typically non-migratory
DietMostly seeds, also eats fruit, flowers, nectar, rice, and corn
VocalizationsCharacteristic bleating call, screeching, and whistling noises
Ecological RoleProvides insights into bird biology, ecology, and behavior
Conservation StatusVulnerable due to habitat loss and the pet trade
Cultural SignificanceRepresents the variety of birds, nature’s wonders, and cultural intrigue
 Red-vented Cockatoo birdzpedia.com

33 Glaucous Gulls

The second-largest gull in the world, the glaucous gull (Larus hyperboreus), is a huge gull. The Latin larus, from which the genus name is derived, seems to have alluded to a gull or other huge seabird.Burgomaster is an ancient English name for this species.

Scientific NameLarus hyperboreus (Glaucous Gull)
SizeLength: 27-30 inches
Wingspan55-61 inches
HabitatArctic and subarctic coastal areas, sea ice
RangeArctic regions, circumpolar distribution
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryYes (long-distance migratory)
Migration WeatherPrefers cold weather, migrates seasonally
Weather PreferenceWell-adapted to cold Arctic and subarctic climates
DescriptionLarge, pale grey gull with no black on wings or tail. Yellow bill. Adults have a thick bill, juveniles have a pink and black bill.
Call“Laughing” cry, similar to the herring gull but deeper.
MaturityTakes four years to reach maturity.
Conservation NotesDelicate habitats must be protected; study of morphology and plumage is crucial for identification and avian variety understanding.
Glaucous Gulls birdzpedia.com

34 Snowy Sheathbill 

One of two species of sheathbills is the snowy sheathbill (Chionis albus), often referred to as the bigger sheathbill, pale-faced sheathbill, and paddy. Usually, one can find it on the ground. It is the sole endemic land bird to the continent of Antarctica.

Scientific NameChionis albus (Snowy Sheathbill)
SizeLength: 13-15 inches
Weight13-21 ounces
Wingspan24-27 inches
HabitatCoastal areas, beaches, islands, ice edges
RangeAntarctica, subantarctic islands
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryNo (non-migratory)
Migration WeatherNot applicable (non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceWell-adapted to cold and polar climates; non-migratory
Feeding HabitsOmnivorous scavenger, kleptoparasite; steals food from penguins and eats carrion, animal feces, and tapeworms.
Activity Distribution38% hunting, 20% eating prey, 23% resting, 14% other activities, 3% agonistic behavior.
Snowy Sheathbill  birdzpedia.com

35 African Spoonbill 

Scientific NamePlatalea alba (African Spoonbill)
SizeLength: 32-36 inches, Weight: 2.6-4.4 pounds, Wingspan: 45-47 inches
HabitatWetlands, swamps, mudflats, shallow waters
RangeSub-Saharan Africa, parts of southern Europe and Asia
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
MigratoryYes (partially migratory)
Migration WeatherPrefers warm weather, migrates seasonally
Weather PreferencePrefers warm weather, found in wetlands and shallow waters; partially migratory
Breeding SeasonWinter to spring
NestingColonies in trees or reedbeds; nests built from sticks and reeds, lined with leaves
Eggs3 to 5 eggs, incubated by both parents for up to 29 days
Parental CareBoth parents care for the young for 20-30 days; ready to fly after 4 weeks
Conservation NotesCovered under the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA)
Foraging BehaviorFeeds in shallow water, swings its open bill from side-to-side to catch various fish, molluscs, amphibians, crustaceans, insects, and larvae
Flight and PlumageAlmost unmistakable with all-white breeding plumage, red legs and face, long grey spatulate bill; no crest; immature birds lack red face and have a yellow bill. Fly with necks outstretched, unlike herons.
Behavioral PatternsInfluences wetland ecosystems by coexisting with waterfowl, waders, and shorebirds; enhances biodiversity and offers essential ecosystem services.
African Spoonbill  birdzpedia.com

36 White-Tailed Ptarmigan

The tiniest member of the grouse family is the white-tailed ptarmigan (Lagopus leucura), commonly referred to as the snow quail. It is flecked with gray, brown, and white in the summer and completely white in the winter. The wings, body, and tail are white throughout the year.

Scientific NameLagopus leucura (White-Tailed Ptarmigan)
SizeLength: 11-15 inches, Weight: 10-16 ounces, Wingspan: 19-22 inches
HabitatAlpine and subalpine regions, rocky slopes
RangeWestern North America, including Alaska, Canada, Rocky Mountains
Conservation StatusLeast Concern; Non-migratory
Weather PreferenceAdapted to cold, alpine environments; camouflaged feathers
DietVaried: snow buttercup, willow catkins, flowers, leaves, berries, pine needles
BreedingMonogamous males, attract mates through strutting; females build ground nests; 2-8 eggs; chicks leave after 6-12 hours; diet shifts from insects to plants.
Parental CareMales guard nest, chicks leave nest after hatching; chicks stay with mother.
Conservation NotesVulnerable to climate change, habitat loss; focus of conservation efforts
Ecological ImpactCrucial for ecological research; highlights endangered species laws.
 White-Tailed Ptarmigan birdzpedia.com

37 Yellow-Crested Cockatoo

The Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea), which is often referred to as the Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, is a medium-sized cockatoo with white plumage, a retractable yellow or orange crest, grey feet, and bluish-white raw orbital skin.

Scientific NameCacatua sulphurea (Yellow-Crested Cockatoo)
SizeLength: 14-16 inches, Weight: 14-20 ounces, Wingspan: 24-28 inches
Conservation StatusCritically Endangered (IUCN)
HabitatTropical and subtropical forests, coastal areas, islands
RangeSoutheast Asia, including Indonesia, East Timor, nearby islands
MigratoryTypically non-migratory
Migration WeatherNot applicable (typically non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceAdapted to tropical and subtropical climates; prefers warm weather
DietSeeds, buds, fruits, nuts, herbaceous plants
BreedingNests in tree cavities, 2 eggs in a clutch, shared incubation, chicks leave nest about 75 days after hatching
Yellow-Crested Cockatoo birdzpedia.com

38 Tanimbar Corella 

The Goffin’s cockatoo, also called the Tanimbar cockatoo or Tanimbar corella (Cacatua goffiniana), is an endemic species of cockatoo found exclusively in the forests of Yamdena, Larat, and Selaru, three islands in the Indonesian Tanimbar Islands archipelago.

Scientific NameCacatua goffiniana
SizeLength: 12 inches, Weight: 6 to 7.5 ounces, Wingspan: 20 inches
Conservation StatusEndangered (IUCN) due to habitat loss and the pet trade
HabitatTropical rainforests, coastal areas
RangeTanimbar Islands in Indonesia
MigratoryTypically non-migratory
Migration WeatherNot applicable (typically non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceAdapted to tropical climates; prefers warm weather
IntelligenceExperimental evidence suggests considerable intelligence
LifespanIn captivity, Tanimbar Corellas can live up to 30 years
BreedingBreeding habits mostly known from captive-bred populations
Breeding SeasonBreeds from late spring; eggs hatch before July; incubation around 28 days; both parents attend to the nest
Parental CareHen feeds offspring for approximately three weeks after fledging
Courtship BehaviorNo observed courtship behavior between cock and hen prior to mating
Additional NotesLimited knowledge about wild breeding behaviors; 2-3 eggs per clutch
Tanimbar Corella  birdzpedia.com

39 Black-Faced Spoonbill

One species of wading bird in the Threskiornithidae family of ibis and spoonbills is the black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor). Large water birds, spoonbills have spatulate bills that are flattened dorso-ventrally.These birds hunt by feel; they wade through the water and move their beaks side to side to find food.

Scientific NamePlatalea minor
SizeLength: 28-33 inches, Weight: 2.6-3.3 pounds, Wingspan: 45-51 inches
Conservation StatusEndangered (IUCN) due to habitat loss and environmental threats
HabitatWetlands, mudflats, estuaries, coastal areas
RangeEast Asia, including China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan
Migration WeatherPrefers mild and temperate weather during migration
Weather PreferenceMigratory, crepuscular eaters using intertidal mudflats
DietKnown to be crepuscular eaters, feeding on intertidal mudflats, surveys on locals’ ‘Willingness-To-Pay’ for conservation
Conservation EffortsFocus on protecting breeding and wintering sites, citizen science contributions
Black-Faced Spoonbill birdzpedia.com

40 Yellow-Billed Spoonbill 

The Threskiornithidae family of ibis and spoonbills includes the gregarious yellow-billed spoonbill (Platalea flavipes). It is a vagrant to Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, and New Zealand, but it is endemic to Australia.

Scientific NamePlatalea flavipes
SizeLength: 28-32 inches, Weight: 2.6-3.3 pounds, Wingspan: 45-51 inches
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
HabitatWetlands, swamps, rivers, estuaries, coastal areas
RangeAustralia, New Guinea, Indonesia
MigratorySome populations are migratory, preferring warm and temperate weather
Migration WeatherPrefers warm and temperate weather during migration
Weather PreferenceAdaptable to a range of weather conditions
DietCarnivorous, sweeps bill through water to catch small animals, feeds on various prey including crustaceans, insects, fish, and plant material
BreedingNests once or twice a year, breeding season varies, nests in colonies, clutch of 2-4 eggs, nest locations include branches or forks of trees, reed beds
Yellow-Billed Spoonbill  birdzpedia.com

41 Jabiru 

The jabiru, also known as the Jabiru mycteria, is a huge stork that may be found throughout the Americas from Mexico to Argentina, with the exception of the west of the Andes. It is the sole individual in the Jabiru genus. The name “swollen neck” is derived from the Tupi-Guaraní language.

Scientific NameJabiru mycteria
SizeLength: 4.6-5.5 feet, Weight: 11-17 pounds, Wingspan: 8.2-9.8 feet
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
HabitatWetlands, rivers, marshes, savannas
RangeSouthern United States, Central and South America
MigratoryNo (typically non-migratory)
Migration WeatherNot applicable (typically non-migratory)
Weather PreferenceNon-migratory birds preferring warm and tropical weather; often found in wetlands, rivers, marshes, and savannas
DietFrogs, fish, snakes, snails, insects, invertebrates, carrion; opportunistic feeder
BreedingSolitary nesters, build massive nests on tall trees, clutch of 2-5 white eggs, incubation and care by both parents, long fledging period of around 110 days, average lifespan of 36 years
Jabiru birdzpedia.com

42 Greater Flamingo

The largest and most common species in the flamingo family is the greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus). Coastal and Sub-Saharan Africa, the Indian Subcontinent (south of the Himalayas), the Middle East, the Levant, the Persian Gulf, the Gulf of Aden, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean countries of Southern Europe are among the regions in which they are widespread in the Old World.

Scientific NamePhoenicopterus roseus
SizeLength: 120-145 cm, Weight: 2-4 kg
Conservation StatusLeast Concern
HabitatSaltwater lagoons, mudflats, coastal areas
RangeEurope, Asia, Africa
Weather PreferencePrefers warm and temperate climates
LifespanIn captivity: Over 60 years; In the wild: 30-40 years
BreedingBreeding season involves increased uropygial secretions; nests built in colonies
VoiceGoose-like honking
Greater Flamingo birdzpedia.com


One member of the Laridae family of terns is the royal tern (Thalasseus maximus). Although there have been reports of stray specimens in Europe, the species is native to the Americas.

Scientific NameThalasseus maximus
Common NameRoyal Tern
HabitatCoastal areas of the United States, islands, estuaries, mangroves, lagoons
Physical FeaturesOrange-red bill, pale grey upperparts, white underparts, black legs, wingspan 125-135 cm (49-53 in), length 45-50 cm (18-20 in), weight 350-450 g (12-16 oz)
VocalizationShort, clear shrills; some sound like kree or tsirr, while others are a longer, rolling, more melodious plover-like whistle
Feeding BehaviorHunts for fish by diving from heights near 30 feet (9.1 meters), feeds on small fish like anchovies, weakfish, croakers, insects, shrimp, crabs, and hatchling sea turtles
Breeding HabitatNests on island beaches or isolated beaches with limited predators
ReproductionLays one or two eggs in a scrape on the ground, incubates for 25-30 days, chicks stay in the scrape for about a week, gather into groups (crèche) for about two weeks, fledge around a month old
MaturityMature around the age of 4 years, after which they build their own nests and reproduce
ROYAL TERN birdzpedia.com

44 Elegant Tern

A member of the Laridae family, the elegant tern is called Thalassus elegans. It relies on the sheer density of the nests—often only 20–30 cm apart—and breeding adjacent to other more aggressive species, such Heermann’s gulls, to avoid predation, unlike some of the smaller white terns who are more aggressive toward prospective predators.

Scientific NameThalasseus elegans
Common NameElegant Tern
DistributionPacific coast of Mexico, California, Oregon
Physical FeaturesMedium-large tern, long, slender orange bill, pale grey upperparts, white underparts, black legs. Black crest extends through the eye, creating a small black “smudge” in front of the eye. Forehead becomes white in winter. Juveniles have a scalier pale grey back.
VocalizationLoud grating noise like a Sandwich tern
ConfusionCould be confused with Royal Tern or Forster’s Tern, but Royal Tern is larger and thicker-billed. Out of range, may be confused with Lesser Crested Tern.
MeasurementsLength: 15.3-16.5 in (39-42 cm), Weight: 6.7-11.5 oz (190-325 g), Wingspan: 76-81 cm
Elegant Tern birdzpedia.com

45 Forster’s Tern

A tern belonging to the Laridae family is the Forster’s tern (Sterna forsteri).Although uncommon, this species is annual in western Europe and has spent several winters in both Ireland and Great Britain. To this extent north, no European tern winters.

Scientific NameSterna forsteri
Common NameForster’s Tern
Physical FeaturesMedium-sized tern, forked tail, long legs. Non-breeding: white crown, black eye patch, grey wings. Breeding: black cap, pale grey wings, orange bill, orange legs. Juveniles like non-breeding adults.
DistributionMarshes over shallow water, freshwater, estuaries
VocalizationCommon: descending kerr, Threat: low harsh zaar, Female courtship: kerrs
Diet and FeedingFish, insects, crustaceans. Shallow plunge-diver.
ReproductionColonial nesting, shallow nests, 2-4 eggs, 24-25 days incubation. Chicks leave nest after 4 days, fledge at 28 days. Both parents involved.
NestingMarshy areas, floating nests with greenish-brown spotted eggs.
PredatorsRaptors, corvidae, snapping turtles, marsh rice rats, minks, waterbirds. Low predator success due to mobbing behavior.
Forster’s Tern birdzpedia.com

46 Masked Booby

The blue-faced booby, or masked booby (Sula dactylatra), is a big seabird belonging to the Sulidae family of seabirds, which also includes gannets and boobies. One of the six species of booby in the genus Sula is the masked booby. Its long, pointed, yellowish bill, long neck, aerodynamic body, long, thin wings, and pointed tail give it a distinctive sulid body form.

Scientific NameSula dactylatra
Common NameMasked Booby
Physical FeaturesLargest booby species, 75-85 cm long, 160-170 cm wingspan, 1.2-2.2 kg weight. White with dark wings, yellow or blue-black facial skin. Bill yellow with greenish tinge. Legs yellow-orange or olive. Juveniles mottled grey-brown.
DistributionWide distribution, nesting on islands.
VocalizationUsually silent at sea, noisy at nesting colonies. Male: descending whistle, Female: loud honk.
LongevityLong-distance traveler, tagged bird recovered after 24 years, longest distance traveled 3,152 km.
Breeding and CourtshipBreeds at 4-5 years, monogamous, territorial displays, courtship rituals, breeding occurs year-round.
NestingNest on ground, cleared area, shallow depression, lay 2 chalky white eggs, incubation 45 days.
FeedingSpectacular diver, plunges vertically from heights up to 100 m, swallows catch underwater. Feeds on flying fish, cephalopods.
Predators and ParasitesSilver gulls, buff-banded rails prey on eggs and young. Parasites include ticks.
Relationship with HumansHistorically consumed by indigenous people and European sailors.
Masked Booby birdzpedia.com


  1. What types of birds are commonly white?
    • Some birds that are frequently linked with white plumage are swans, doves, seagulls, egrets, herons, and certain kinds of owls.
  2. Which species are part of the 43 white birds?
    • The group may include creatures like swans, egrets, gulls, terns, doves, and others, depending on the surroundings.
  3. Why are some birds white?
    • White plumage can be used for a variety of functions, such as thermoregulation in warmer areas, mate attraction through clean displays, and camouflage in snowy conditions.
  4. Do all white birds belong to the same species?
    • No, several bird species have feathers that are white. It does not apply to just one family or group.
  5. Where can I find these birds?
    • These birds live in a range of environments, such as coastal regions, icy areas, and occasionally even populated areas.
  6. What is the significance of white doves?
    • In many civilizations, white doves are frequently associated with purity and tranquility. As a sign of hope, they are released during ceremonies like weddings and funerals.
  7. Do all white birds stay white throughout their lives?
    • Juveniles of many species may have distinct colors on their plumage, and white birds may change in color as they get older. Furthermore, during particular seasons, certain birds may molt into distinct plumages.
  8. How do white birds survive in the wild?
    • Utilizing their coloring for camouflage, selecting nesting locations that offer seclusion, and engaging in behaviors that reduce their visibility to predators are examples of survival strategies.
  9. Do these birds have symbolic meanings?
    • White birds are often associated with values such as harmony, purity, and good fortune in many cultures.
  10. What threats do white birds face in their natural habitats?
    • Predation, habitat loss, pollution, and climate change are some of the threats. Furthermore, certain species encounter obstacles associated with human endeavors, like entanglements in fishing lines and disruptions during nesting.
  11. How can I identify specific species among them?
    • Yes, some white bird species are widely seen in cities and have adapted well to their surroundings. Examples of these birds are gulls and pigeons.

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